Mon. Jul 15th, 2024

The National Museum of Scotland is situated in Edinburgh, Scotland. It was formed in 2006 after a merger between the new museum of Scotland.

Basically, it has collections relating to Scottish antiquities, culture and history. However, it is adjacent to Royal Scottish Museum which started operating in 1866 and the Edinburgh Museum of Science and Art.

The two connected buildings stand beside each other on Chambers Street, by the intersection with the George IV Bridge in central Edinburgh. In addition, it is part of National Museums Scotland.

The two buildings retain distinctive characters, the Museum of Scotland is housed in a modern building opened in 1998, while the former Royal Museum building was begun in 1861 and partially opened in 1866.

The Victorian Venetian Renaissance, and a grand central hall of cast iron construction that rises the full height of the building, design by Francis Fowke and Robert Matheson.

This building underwent a major refurbishment and reopened on 29 July 2011 after three years project worth £47 million to restore and extend the building led by Gareth Hoskins Architects along with the concurrent redesign of the exhibitions by Ralph Appelbaum Association.

1. Raph Appelbaum Associates

Photo by Wikimedia Commons – Wikimedia

The National Museum incorporates the collections of the former National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland.

As well as the national collections of Scottish archaeological finds and medieval objects, the museum contains artefacts from around the world, encompassing geology, archaeology, natural history, science, technology, art, and world cultures.

2. The 16 New Galleries

Photo by Wikimedia Commons – Wikimedia

The 16 new galleries reopened in 2011 include 8,000 objects, 80 per cent of which were not formerly on display. One of the more notable exhibits is the stuffed body of Dolly the Sheep. The first successful cloning of a mammal from an adult cell.

Other highlights include Ancient Egyptian exhibitions, one of Elton John’s extravagant suits, the Jean Muir Collection of costume and a large kinetic sculpture named the Millennium Clock.

3. School Parties favorite

Photo by Wikimedia Commons – Wikimedia

A Scottish invention that is a perennial favorite with school parties is the Scottish Maiden, an early beheading machine predating the guillotine.

Children are fascinated by the variety of historical collection in the museum most of which are for learning.

However, there is a section that has a collection of children stuff, cars and planes.

4. Records the Highest number of Tourists

In 2019, the museum received 2,210,024 visitors, making it Scotland’s most popular visitor attraction that year.

Additionally, the selection of the items in the museum are a world wide collection hence, the attraction to more visitors.

5. Two Interconnected Museums

Photo by Wikimedia Commons – Wikimedia

The modern building connects with the original Victorian museum. This dates back from 1861the stolid, grey exterior of which gives way to a beautifully bright and airy, glass-roofed exhibition hall.

The organizational merger of the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland and the Royal Scottish Museum took place in 1985, but the two collections retained separate buildings until 1995 when the Queen Street building closed, to reopen later occupied solely by the Scottish National Portrait Gallery.

In 1998 the new Museum of Scotland building opened, adjacent to the Royal Museum of Scotland building, and connected to it. The masterplan to redevelop the Victorian building and further integrate the architecture and collections was launched in 2004.

The split naming caused confusion to visitors, and in 2006 permission was granted to remove “Royal” to achieve a unified brand.

The naming had been changed for practical reasons, including strategy and marketing. The old Chambers Street Museum building closed for redevelopment in 2008, before reopening in July 2011.


6. Change of the Administration of the Museum

Administration of the museum was transferred in 1901 from the Science and Art Department to the Scottish Education Department, and in 1904 the institution was renamed the Royal Scottish Museum.

In addition, the museum became more and more beautiful with variety of history to watch so the change of administration actually was a change for better.

7. First time Electricity was Installed

Electricity was introduced, replacing the original gas lighting, and powering the first interactive displays in the museum.

The push-button working models, starting with a marine steam engine and a sectioned steam locomotive.

In other words, installation of electricity made the museum better in the way they displayed their collections.

8. Displayed Prank Exhibits

The Royal Scottish Museum displayed prank exhibits on April Fool’s Day on at least one occasion.

In 1975, a fictitious bird called the Bare-fronted Hoodwink also known for its innate ability to fly away from observers before they could accurately identify it, was put on display.

The exhibit included photos of blurry birds flying away. To make the exhibit more convincing, a mount of the bird was sewn together by a taxidermist from various scraps of real birds, including the head of a carrion crow, the body of a plover, and the feet of an unknown waterfowl.
The bare front was composed of wax.

9. The Amazing Architecture

The Museum attracts visitors from world over but the locals usually frequent the museum because of its beauty and history.
More importantly, the architecture of the building itself is  intriguing and satisfying to just talk a work and see the many exhibits portraying the rich history of the world.
National Museum of Scotland — The Jacobite Trail

10. The attraction to Visitors

It is very interesting how the museum is situated in Edinburgh, Scotland. However, it attracts visitors from the globe basically because of the world collection of historical items.
The stiffed wildlife for instance, have all animals not necessarily from Europe. One item that is clearly from outside Europe are the Egyptian artifacts.
However, the fashion section has more of the Scottish history then the world collection.
More of what is on display are the planes, cars and a lot of things for children.
Similarly, Scotland has enjoyed more and more tourists due to the beauty of the museum. Most of the visitors are fascinated by the world collection of historical items hence, in 2019, the museum recorded 2,210,024 million visitors.
This was enough prove that the fame of the museum goes beyond the local attraction of visitors to international.

By Lala